HIV Symptoms In Men
HIV is usually transmitted from one person to the other through contact with infected vaginal fluid,
semen, or infected blood. Having unprotected vaginal or anal sex with an infected person greatly
increases the risk of contracting the virus. This could also be through oral sex if there is a cut or an open
sore in the mouth. HIV is also transmitted through sharing of needles, syringes, and other drug
equipment with infected persons.
HIV in Men
The CDC released a report in 2014 that indicated that there were 44, 073 new infection cases in the US.
Of the number released, 35,571 were men. In the United States, HIV infections are more rampant in
men who have sex with other men, bisexual men and gay men. However, the infection is also prevalent
in heterosexual men.
HIV Symptoms In Men
Symptoms of HIV vary with individuals. However, there are common patterns that the infection follows.
After infection, it takes the body between 2 to 4 weeks to start reacting with the infection. This is when
the early symptoms show. The symptoms can easily be confused with flu or common cold. About 80% of
people with acute HIV infection will experience these flu-like signs and symptoms. In some cases, the
symptoms will take years to show. This explains why medical practitioners emphasize on regular HIV
tests for sexually active people or before getting into a sexual relationship.
The symptoms of HIV in men will vary depending on the stage of the infection. These stages include:
– Acute HIV which is the new infection stage
– Asymptomatic stage which is the stage without symptoms
– Advanced stage which is also referred to as AIDS
Acute HIV Stage Symptoms in Men
The following are the common symptoms in this stage:
– Severe headaches
– Sore throat
– Body rash
There are also other symptoms that are less common in this stage:
– Muscle and joint aches
– Night sweats
– Genital ulcers
– Mouth ulcers
– Swollen lymph nodes
During this stage, the symptoms will mostly last for a week or two.
Once the acute HIV stage symptoms disappear, the asymptomatic stage begins. This stage does not have
any symptoms and might take months or years before there are other symptoms. During this stage, the
HIV virus is replicating and breaking down the immune system. The virus can still be transmitted which
explains why it is important to get tested even if there are no symptoms.
Advanced HIV Stage(AIDS) Symptoms in Men
Without any form of treatment, it will take the virus years to destroy the body’s immunity beyond
repair. This stage of HIV is what is referred to as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS. During
this stage, the immune system is severely damaged and this leaves the body at a high infection risk. The
body will be greatly affected by infections that it would otherwise fight without the need for medication.
AIDS Symptoms in Men
– Recurring chills
– Recurring fever
– Rapid weight loss
– Shortness of breath
– Mouth sores or ulcers
– Genitals sores or ulcers
– Recurring night sweats
– Swelling of the lymph nodes for a long period
– Confusion, memory loss, or neurological disorders
It is important to get tested to know your status because we cannot depend on signs and symptoms
only. You can get tested annually or when you are about to get in to a sexual relationship just to be sure
and help prevent the infection.